Ryszard Boles?awski was a Polish film director, actor and teacher of acting.
Boles?aw Ryszard Srzednicki was born on February 4, 1889 in D?bowa Góra, in tsarist Russia-ruled Poland. He graduated from the Tver Cavalry Officers School. Later, he studied acting at the Moscow Art Theatre, became a Member of M.A.T. and the director of its First Studio.
During World War I, Boles?awski fought as a cavalry lieutenant on the tsarist Russian side until the fall of the Russian Empire. He left Russia after the October Revolution of 1917 for his native Poland, where he directed his first movies. As his birth name was difficult to pronounce, even for Poles, he took the name Ryszard Boles?awski. His Cud nad Wis?? was a semi-documentary about the miraculous victory of the Poles at the Vistula River over the much stronger Soviet Russian forces during the Polish-Soviet War of 1919-1921.
Boles?awski was married at least three times and had a son – Jan – with last his wife, Norma.